• Total state population is 4.8 million (2011)
• Capital is Montgomery; largest city by population is Birmingham
• Located in south-east of US; borders with Tennessee to north, Georgia to east, Florida and Gulf of Mexico to south, and Mississippi to west
• Famous Alabamians include writers Truman Capote and Harper Lee, musician Nat ‘King’ Cole and actress Courtney Cox
• Most popular sports are American football, baseball and motorsports
• The first rocket to put humans on the moon was built in Huntsville, which is now home to the US Space and Rocket Center
• Alabama’s fifth-largest city Tuscaloosa was named ‘America’s Most Liveable City’ by the US Conference of Mayors in 2011, joint with Florida’s Tallahassee
• Memorable town names include Aimwell, Slapout, Smut Eye, Trickem, Burnt Corn and Equality
•令人印象深刻的城市名称包括:Aimwell, Slapout, Smut Eye, Trickem, Burnt Corn and Equality等
Located in the heart of the Deep South, Alabama enjoys a subtropical climate, beautiful and varied natural scenery, and rich offerings in the fields of history and culture.As well as some of the highest summer temperatures in the US and relatively mild winters, Alabama's subtropical climate also brings the state a healthy amount of rain, as well as some more severe weather.The state’s geography is equally varied, ranging from mountains in the north to beaches on the south coast. Much of the central region is composed of gentle plains, criss-crossed by a number of notable lakes and rivers, of which the largest are the Tennessee River and Guntersville Lake.The great outdoors certainly plays an important role in Alabama life; hunting, fishing, hiking, camping, cycling, climbing and rafting are all popular pastimes.
But the state is also rich in history and culture.From Native American heritage to Civil War sites and key events in the Civil Rights Movement (including the Rosa Parks bus incident), history buffs will find no shortage of material.There are also many high quality dramatic venues, an exciting folk art renaissance under way, and a vibrant live music scene – this is, after all, one of the great homes of American country, blues, rock and gospel.Alabama's largest cities are fairly widely spread out. Montgomery and Birmingham are central, Huntsville in the north, Tuscaloosa in the west, and Mobile in the south – where the Mobile River meets the Gulf of Mexico.
Top universities in Alabama
In total, Alabama has more than 60 universities to choose from, including both public and private, four-year and two-year institutions.
The University of Alabama (UA) is both the state’s largest university and its highest ranked – it makes the top 450 of the QS World University Rankings in 2011/12.Nicknamed ‘the capstone’ (ie. the capstone of the state’s higher education system), UA is the flagship institution of the University of Alabama System, which also includes the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH), and the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB).The similarity of names may be a little confusing, but – while all three universities report to the Board of Trustees University of Alabama System – each is basically run independently.UA has a strong focus on research, but also prides itself on being student-centred. This means it offers a wide range of support services for students, including a free bus service around the (large) campus, more than 4,000 part-time campus jobs for students, and a dedicated Women’s Resource Center.As of the start of the 2011-12 academic year, a total of 31,747 students were enrolled at UA. Of these, more than 60% were from within the state, almost 35% from elsewhere in the US, and 4% were international students – hailing from 77 different countriesWith a mixture of academic and vocational courses on offer, the spread of majors being taken by students includes: arts and sciences subjects, business, engineering, communication, education, law, nursing and social work.
阿拉巴马大学是美国最大的大学，也是排名最高的大学，它在2011 / 12年度的QS世界大学排名中排名前450。绰号“顶点”(阿拉巴马大学是阿拉巴马大学系统的旗舰性的大学，阿拉巴马州的亨茨维尔大学和阿拉巴马大学在伯明翰分校都是亚拉巴马大学的顶尖级的大学。名字的相似性可能有点让人困惑，但是——尽管这三所大学都向董事会提交了亚拉巴马大学的系统——但它们基本上都是独立运行的。阿拉巴马大学对研究有很强的专注力，但也以学生为中心而自豪。这意味着它为学生提供了广泛的支持服务，包括在(大型)校园附近的免费巴士服务，为学生提供4000多份兼职校园工作以及一个专门的女性资源中心。在2011 - 12学年开始的时候，共有31,747名学生在阿拉巴马大学注册入学。其中，60%以上的学生来自州内，近35%来自美国的其他地方和4%的国际学生，这些学生来自77个不同的国家，该校也拥有诸多不同的学术和职业课程包括:艺术与科学主题、业务、工程、通信、教育、法律、护理和社会工作。